According to the Road Traffic Ordinance, a person drives carelessly "if on a road he drives a vehicle without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other persons using the road".
Even though it may seem very obvious that a driver’s act constitutes "carelessness", the Court cannot simply say: "the facts speak for themselves" and then convict a person of careless driving. The court must duly consider all the factual circumstances related to the incident and find evidence of carelessness. The facts may be so prevalent, however, that the Court can draw an irresistible inference that, in the absence of a reasonable explanation, there must have been careless driving.
According to the Road Traffic Ordinance, a person drives dangerously if "the way he drives falls far below what would be expected of a competent and careful driver" and "it would be obvious to a competent and careful driver that driving in that way would be dangerous".
As shown in the case of careless driving, the Court will adopt an objective test in deciding whether or not the act of driving in question is dangerous. It effectively means that each case before the Court will have to be scrutinized in the light of the factual circumstances related to the accident. The Court would take into account all relevant facts, (whether they are apparently dangerous or not) and all reasons given by the driver, to ascertain whether or not there is dangerous driving.
Driving under the influence of Drink or Drugs
According to the Road Traffic Ordinance, "A person who drives or attempts to drive or is in charge of a motor vehicle on any road while he is under the influence of drink or drugs to such an extent as to be incapable of having proper control of the motor vehicle commits an offence".